Fostering a savings culture and driving rural development
Business: smallholder farmers
Ei Ma village in Kyonpyaw township has a population of 227 (90 male and 137 female) living in 79 households. Most villagers are smallholder farmers and sometimes work as casual laborers on the fields. ECLOF started serving the village with capacity building and loans in 2013. Five groups were recruited with 5 members per group. ECLOF clients gather weekly in the village community building for group meetings, training and loan transactions.
Building client capacity from the start
Before getting access to a loan, each client participates in 5 training modules given by ECLOF staff over a period of 2-5 weeks. Modules include:
- Group lending process and loan products
- Basic financial literacy and business skills
- Savings culture
- Loan use and risk of over-indebtedness
- Avoiding vices like drinking, gambling etc.
During the training period, clients are required to save small weekly amounts with ECLOF as a reserve fund. Only then are they allowed to take out a loan.
Financing agriculture with tailored loans
ECLOF offers agricultural loans tailored to specific crops like cassava, banana, rice or gardening, and “social loans” to cover health and education needs.
The liquidity provided by ECLOF’s loans has allowed farmers to stop relying on middlemen for expensive advance credit: the traders used to buy a basket of their rice for 500 kyat right after harvesting. Now farmers can sell the rice later for 1,000 kyat. Villagers say they appreciate ECLOF’s fair interest rate and repayment schedules that suit their income stream. Today, ECLOF serves 9 groups, reaching 56 households.
Fostering a savings culture
To the working poor, savings are at least as important as loans because they enable people to cope with irregular incomes and emergencies when they arise. Therefore it is important for ECLOF Myanmar to promote a savings culture among its clients. It takes various steps to do this:
- Educate clients on the importance and benefits of saving
- Require clients to save 500 kyat per module, i.e. a total of 2,500 kyat before receiving a loan
- Issue each client with a savings book as a token
- Pay an attractive interest rate of 15% p.a. on client savings
This approach has changed the attitude to savings in the village: while previously people didn’t have the habit of saving money, now over 800 USD have been deposited with ECLOF by the villagers and are available to them when needed.
Driving village electrification and road access
The National Electrification Plan of Myanmar’s government requires a financial contribution by each household before a village is connected to the grid. This means a village needs to raise collective household savings. Poorer households are at the risk of being left out. Since ECLOF has entered Ei Ma village in 2013, villagers were able to increase their earnings from agriculture and business and save money regularly. This allowed them to make their contribution—so that in 2015 the village was connected to the grid. This has greatly improved the quality of life, raised business productivity and allowed students to study at night, even when solar lanterns cannot be charged during the rainy season.
Until recently, the village was accessible only by a footpath. To build a gravel road, the local government required villagers to contribute labor and cash to road construction. Because of increased incomes and savings, villagers were able to make their contributions—and now the village has a gravel road apt for motorcycles. This has opened up new markets for villagers to sell their produce and supply inputs.
Client Ms. Khin Myo Wai: Family business
Khin Myo Wai is married and has two daughters aged 6 and 13. Her husband and her brother together work the family land of 5 acres cultivating rice and mung bean. In addition, Khin Myo Wai has started a home-basd rope-making business with an ECLOF loan. She employs her father who makes ropes from reed. The income she has earned from the family business over time has allowed her to pay school fees, dig a shallow well and upgrade their home’s roof from palm tree to metal sheets. It also enables her to sustain her disabled sister in law. In 2015, the family was able to make their contribution to the village electrification.